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Duck Farming advice from a farmer in Indonesia
The first step to get started with duck farming is to determine which type of duck you want to cultivate. Ducks can be produced as laying ducks or for broiler. I will give questions that are usually a factor in becoming a duck breeder.
How do I determine the type or breed of ducks to farm?
Choose the type of ducks to be cultivated, whether you want to breed laying or broiler ducks.
The recommended types of ducks include;
1. Peking duck
Peking ducks, originating from China, have the advantage of being easy to care for and in a year they can lay up to 150 eggs. Peking ducks can be harvested around the age of 2-3 months. This duck reaches a weight of 3 – 3.5 kg.
2. Balinese Duck
Balinese ducks have the advantage of not being stressed easily so they are easier to cultivate. Balinese ducks can be raised as broiler ducks or for their eggs.
3. Khaki Campbell Duck
Khaki ducks from England can produce 300-325 eggs in a year. An advantage of Khaki Campbell ducks is that they are not susceptible to disease.
4. Duck Runner
This Runner duck comes from the United States which produces 200-250 eggs a year. Runner ducks are known to be disease-resistant.
5. Muscovy ducks
This duck also comes from the United States. This duck is known for its delicious meat taste and low fat.
6. Hybrid duck
That is a type of duck mating between Peking ducks and local Indonesian ducks. The advantage of raising ducks is that they have a short harvest period of 45 days.
How big of a cage do I need to farm domestic ducks?
The cage needs to be suitable for the number and size of the ducks, not too narrow and not too wide. So the ducks don’t get bored and as a breeder, you don’t get tired of caring for ducks because ducks are nimble animals.
- Lighting the duck coop must have sufficient lighting, given the space exposed to sunlight, and also have a shady part. Likewise, at night, provide yellow lights so that the ducks feel warm and not too bright.
- Provide enough enclosures to have good air circulation so that they are not stuffy and cause disease.
- A duck cage is a cage made on the ground with a hollow bamboo base so that the dirt will fall to the bottom and the condition of the duck’s feet will continue to be dry and healthy. There is also a duck pen that is directly on the ground so that the ducks can eat worms and get mineral content from the soil.
- Ensure the temperature of the duck cage is around 27 – 30 degrees.
- The Location for making cages must be far from residential areas because ducks tend to have noisy sounds.
- Pay attention to the surrounding environment, whether there are animals that can threaten ducks such as snakes, wild dogs, wild boar, and others.
- Provide appropriate food and supplements.
- Duck food is usually in the form of bran, sorghum, tofu dregs, tempeh waste, etc., which still contain nutrients for the ducks. Vitamin supplements are usually sold to breeders to increase the duck’s appetite and maintain the condition of the duck’s body.
- The composition of the duck food must be just right because there are no duck food products that are sold instantly. So as a breeder, you have to measure the nutritional needs of the ducks yourself. Feeding ducks is usually around 17-20% protein and the rest is carbohydrates.
- Give the ducks clean drinking water and place them in a clean place.
- Provide duck vaccinations according to the baby’s needs routinely, you can consult a veterinarian.
Above are things related to preparing for duck farming, but other things that are also prepared to start everything. Namely capital.
How much capital do I need for duck cultivation?
The capital issued for ducks is the same as described above. Namely costs for buying ducklings, costs for making cages including lights, feeding and drinking mats, electricity, food costs, costs for medicines and supplements, and labor to care for the ducks.
Cost of ducks
the price of 1 duck according to where the duck comes from. For example, The price of 1 duck is 5 USD x 100 ducks is 500 USD. Then the total expense for the ducks is 500 USD
The cost of the cage
This will adjust depending on the area of the duck cage. Usually, 100 ducks need 14 meters x 4 meters. Customized cage materials usually use bamboo or wood or you can also use materials that are clean and safe for ducks. The approximate cost for a cage of this size is around 350 USD.
Additional costs in the form of lights, electricity, etc.
also adjusted according to the number of lights, for example, it takes 30 USD / per month
The cost of food for ducks is 1.6 grams per feed multiplied by 3 meals a day and multiplied for 30 days and multiplied by 100 ducks.
1.6 gr x 3 x 30 days x 100 tail = 14.4 kg / per month.
e. Drugs and supplements
Drug costs depend on the type of vaccine and supplements that will be given
Energy operational costs
For 100 ducks the cost would be roughly 100 USD per month
Hopefully this article can help you conclude the estimated costs to be incurred and the steps to prepare to start duck farming.